What is Face Value in IPO & How to Determine it?

 Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) are a fascinating avenue for investors to become part-owners of a company as it goes public. One crucial aspect that share market investors need to grasp when considering an IPO investment is the concept of “Face Value.” In this article, we will delve into what Face Value in IPO means and how investors can determine its significance in their investment decisions.

Understanding IPO and Face Value

An Initial Public Offering is the process through which a private company transforms into a publicly traded one, offering its shares to the general public for the first time. Investors eager to participate in the growth potential of a company often flock to IPOs, hoping to benefit from the early stages of a company’s public journey.

Face Value, in the context of an IPO, refers to the nominal or stated value of a share as mentioned in the company’s offering documents. It is a fixed value assigned to a share at the time of its issuance and holds significance in the company’s capital structure.

Determining Face Value

Face Value is usually expressed in the company’s home currency per share. To determine the Face Value of a particular IPO, investors can refer to the offering documents provided by the company, such as the prospectus or offer document. The Face Value is typically fixed and remains constant throughout the life of the share.

Calculating Face Value is straightforward; it is the amount at which a share is initially offered to the public. For example, if a company issue shares at a Face Value of Rs.500 each, investors purchasing these shares during the IPO will pay Rs.500 per share.

Importance of Face Value

While Face Value is a fundamental aspect of IPO investments, it is essential to note that it may not reflect the market value of a share after listing. The market value is determined by market forces such as demand and supply dynamics, investor sentiment, and the company’s performance. Face Value, on the other hand, serves more as an accounting or legal reference point.

Investors often use Face Value to calculate certain financial metrics, such as the price-to-earnings ratio (P/E ratio) or earnings per share (EPS). However, it is crucial not to solely rely on Face Value when making investment decisions, as it might not accurately represent the true value of a stock in the secondary market.

Zero Brokerage Account and the Best Trading App

In the contemporary world of online trading, investors have access to a variety of platforms and services that facilitate seamless transactions. The advent of zero brokerage accounts has gained popularity among investors, eliminating commission fees and reducing the overall cost of trading.


In conclusion, Face Value in IPOs is a significant metric that investors should understand when evaluating investment opportunities. It represents the nominal value of a share at the time of issuance and serves as a reference point for various financial calculations. However, investors should not solely rely on Face Value to make investment decisions, as market forces play a crucial role in determining a stock’s actual value.

In addition to the above information, choosing the best trading app is a critical decision for investors looking to participate in IPOs and navigate the share market efficiently. Platforms like m.Stock by Mirae Asset offers a user-friendly interface, zero brokerage account, accurate market data, and a range of features to help investors make informed decisions. By leveraging such apps, investors can stay updated on IPOs and execute trades swiftly, enhancing their overall trading experience.

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